Vol. 8 No.2 (2023)

Integration of gamification tools in learning management systems for augmenting students’ academic performance in higher education

Ben Mariga Bogonko
Kisii University
mariga14.bm@gmail.com | ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9918-5401

Ronald Keng’ara Tombe
Kisii University

Jane Cherono Maina
Kisii University

Benard Maake Magara
Kisii University


Rationale of Study – The purpose of this investigation was to identify the common gamification elements and their impact on students’ academic performance, the theoretical foundations of gamification as well as to investigate gamification models used in teaching and learning in higher education.

Methodology – Bibliometric analyses were used in this work to reveal the patterns and effect of implementing gamification in education.

Findings – The findings of the review confirmed that the investigation verified the widespread use of gamification elements such as badges, levels, points and leader boards. Further, self-determination theory was found playing a significant and pervasive influence in the acceptance of integrating gamification elements since they satisfy the psychological needs of competence, autonomy and relatedness in higher education.

Implications – This study recommends to the university management to encourage eLearning lecturers to incorporate a variety of gamification tools in teaching and learning in the spirit of enhancing students’ interaction and engagement capabilities.

Originality – This research is important for educational policymakers, practitioners, and theorists. More research on gamification and game components in diverse educational contexts is encouraged, including experimental research approaches as well as bibliometrics analyses.


Gamification, higher education, academic performance, gamification elements