Vol. 3 No. 1 (2018)

Information needs of and services to small-scale vegetable farmers in Wareng, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Zipporah Rop
Library Department
Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – Agriculture remains the most important economic activity in Kenya. Efficient and effective provision of information is essential to the success of agriculture. The aim of this study was to investigate the provision of information to small-scale vegetable farmers in Wareng Sub-County, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya with a view of establishing the challenges and proposing a model for effective and efficient information flow to the vegetable farmers in the county.

Methodology – The research used a case study approach. The population of the study comprised 75 small scale vegetable farmers and 13 agricultural and extension officers in Wareng Sub-County. Data was collected through questionnaires and structured interviews as well as from secondary sources. The data was analysed using content analysis.

Findings – The study found that vegetable farmers lack timely information specific to their information needs. The existing information systems and services were inadequate in satisfying the information needs. Furthermore, the study established that access to information was hampered by inadequate information resources and services.

Implications – The findings of the study may be used to encourage the government to recognise the fact that information is an essential input for an effective agricultural system and as such contributes in a positive way to agricultural development. The findings, therefore, can be used to propose improvements to the existing information services, systems and channels in disseminating information to vegetable farmers.

Originality – This study was original in terms of its focus and geographical orientation. Small-scale vegetable farming in Kenya is an important socioeconomic activity which provides employment opportunities to many citizens yet very little is known about the information needs of the farmers.

Keywords

Small-scale vegetable farmers, agricultural information, Wareng Sub-County, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

 

Achieving information safety in a disaster environment: the way forward for Africa

Janes Ouma Odongo
Department of Governance and Public Policy
The Technical University of Kenya
Nairobi, Kenya
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – Disaster incidents are becoming common globally. When they occur, disasters are known to cause great havoc resulting in high numbers of human fatalities and injuries; massive damage and destruction of property; and high degrees of strain on environmental resources. In most cases, people only associate Africa’s disasters with humanitarian consequences while completely ignoring other forms of damages and losses caused therein. The impact of disasters on records and information in Africa is generally ignored.

Methodology – Based on a desk review of secondary data, this descriptive study explored the information capabilities, potentials and risks that Africa has which can be threatened by disasters.

Findings – The findings of the study indicate that although records management in Africa is still largely paper based, electronic records management is picking pace across the continent in line with current global practice. However, the limited use of digital document signing technologies means that official signed records still have to be kept in hard-copies. This poses threats to records during emergencies. 

Implications – The author recommends that a more holistic approach should be taken in discourses regarding Africa’s disasters and their management. Most importantly, there should be meaningful disaster management focused on ensuring information security before, during and after disasters. This is considering that even disaster recovery efforts are largely hinged on the safety of these records. 

Originality – Although it used secondary data, this study was original in terms of its scope and coverage. It emphasises that emerging technologies that enable records to be processed, signed and stored without printing should be used to ensure environmental and information safety during disasters.

Keywords

Information security, disaster management, development, Africa

 

The status of the implementation of institutional repositories in selected newly established universities in Kenya

Pauline Ruguru Njagi
Murang’a University of Technology
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Dr. Ben Namande
Kenyatta University
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Abstract 

Rationale of Study – Academic institutions worldwide have embraced institutional repositories as a means to showcase their research globally. In Kenya, the majority of academic institutions with effective repositories are established universities. Little is known of institutional repositories of newly established universities in Kenya. This study evaluated the status of the implementation of institutional repositories of universities established between 2016 and 2017 in Kenya. 

Methodology – The researchers used a descriptive research design in this study. Data was collected from professional library staff in three newly established universities using questionnaires. The actual respondents were selected through information-oriented purposive sampling. The sample size was twenty librarians from Kirinyaga University, Machakos University, and University of Embu. 

Findings – All the university libraries investigated had functional institutional repositories. The libraries had developed submission and metadata policies. The staff charged with implementing institutional repositories had relevant skills, understood the scholarly communication cycle, and were responsible for recruitment of institutional repository content. The challenges faced in implementing institutional repositories included low levels of awareness of the existence of IR by the intended users, reluctant of the researchers in submitting their research with the IR, lack of resources, inadequate staff, and submission policy. 

Implications – The findings of this study buttresses the place of information repositories as a platform to share research literature and open access to scholarly materials globally even for newly established universities in developing countries. 

Originality – Unlike the majority of research on institutional repositories in Kenya which focused on established universities, this study tells the story of newly established universities in Kenya. 

Keywords 

Institutional repository, newly-established universities, academic libraries, Kenya

Vol. 3 No. 2 (2018)

Collaboration Between the Faculty and Librarians to Improve Students’ Information Literacy Skills at Strathmore University 

Dr. Grace Wambui Kamau
Department of Information & Knowledge Management
The Technical University of Kenya
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Fredrick Odhiambo Adika
Library
Strathmore University
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – The current information explosion poses challenges in finding relevant information to individuals including university students. Therefore, there is need for students to be taught information literacy (IL) skills to enable them find relevant information for their discourses effectively and efficiently. This can best be achieved through faculty-librarians collaboration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the collaboration between the faculty and librarians in improvement of information literacy skills of all students at Strathmore University.  

Methodology – This was a case study of Strathmore University. A sample size of 40 respondents was purposively selected from a target population of 500 comprising of students, the faculty and librarians. Data was collected through structured interviews as well as documentary review. Data was analysed using content analysis and descriptive statistics. 

Findings – The study found that Strathmore University has embraced information literacy training. There exists limited faculty-librarian collaboration in IL training where the faculty provides scheduling of the timetable for the trainings, research assignments as well as involving the librarians in the assessment of originality of students’ assignments. The librarians conduct the IL trainings and assist in the assessment of originality of students’ assignments. However, more faculty-librarian collaboration is needed. The study recommends the integration of the IL course into the curriculum across disciplines.  

Implications – The findings of this study may benefit students by improving their information literacy as a result of improved faculty-librarians collaborative training. 

Originality – The study was original in terms of focus. It fills a void on recent research on faculty-librarian collaboration in Information literacy training. 

Keywords 

Faculty–librarian collaboration, Information literacy, Kenya, Lifelong learning, Strathmore University 

Management and Use of Indigenous Knowledge in Selected Public Institutions in the Nairobi City County, Kenya

Wamugi Samuel Maina
The Technical University of Kenya
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Henry Nyabuto Kemoni
The Technical University of Kenya
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Naomi Mwai
The Technical University of Kenya
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – The aim of the study was to investigate how indigenous knowledge is managed and used in selected public institutions within Nairobi City County, Kenya. The specific objectives were to establish how indigenous knowledge is acquired from local communities; explore the forms of indigenous knowledge managed and used; examine the indigenous knowledge management and use processes; investigate the challenges and opportunities in the management and use of indigenous knowledge; and recommend how to improve the management and use of indigenous knowledge.  

Methodology – The researcher adopted a qualitative research approach using a multiple case study design. Data was collected from 16 officers drawn from the National Museum of Kenya, Kenya National Library Service, Kenya National Archives and Documentation Service, and Kenya Medical Research Institute which deal with the management and use of indigenous knowledge in Nairobi City County.  

Findings – The institutions lacked policies to guide the acquisition of indigenous knowledge from local communities. There were various forms of indigenous knowledge managed and used in the public institutions. However, there were no guidelines for their management and use. The study concluded that although indigenous knowledge plays a significant role, it was neither properly managed nor used. Therefore, there is need to properly harness and manage its use.  

Implications – The study recommends the formulation of a proper legal framework to guide the management and use of indigenous knowledge. There is also need for adequate allocation of resources, publicity and setting up of more indigenous knowledge repositories. 

Originality – This paper is based on a Master of Science in Information and Knowledge Management dissertation written at the Technical University of Kenya in 2018. 

Keywords 

Indigenous knowledge, knowledge repositories, Nairobi City County, Kenya

Vol. 4 No. 2 (2019)

Mobilisation and Use of Alternative Funds by University Libraries in Nigeria

Janet Onomeh Ubogu (Ph.D, CLN)
Delta State University Library, Abraka
Delta State, Nigeria
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – This paper investigated the level to which funds raised are used in solving financial problems in university libraries in Nigeria.

Methodology – The study employed a descriptive survey to investigate fundraising in university libraries in Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of eleven (11) heads of university libraries in South-South geo-political zone in Nigeria. The entire population was used for the study. Data was collected through structured questionnaires. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics.

Findings – The study revealed that fundraising is necessary in university libraries because the institutions have limited options of coping with financial stress. The study concluded that there should be intensive effort to intensify fundraising efforts by university librarians. Librarians also need to utilise a wide array of fundraising approaches. There is also need for an appropriate structure to facilitate successful and well-organised fundraising efforts by libraries.

Implications – Alternative sources of funds in libraries have become necessary in the face of meagre funding from the government against increasing expectations on the part of the university libraries. Also, there should be a concerted effort to embrace other unexploited means of fundraising by librarians.

Originality – This is an original and empirical study which will serve as an eye-opener to librarians in raising funds for libraries.

Keywords

Funding, academic libraries, fundraising, library financing, sources of funding, alternative sources of funding

Application of ICTs in Transforming Agricultural Extension

Goudian Kilemba Gwademba
Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya
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Daniel Wambiri Muthee
Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya
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Johnson Mulongo Masinde
Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China
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Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this study was to investigate how extension service providers employed ICTs in transforming agricultural extension information service delivery in Tana River County, Kenya. The study examined how the application of ICTs can help to transform public extension service delivery thereby improving the farmers’ access to agricultural information.

Methodology – Data was collected from 456 farmers in Tana River County in Kenya. The farmers were identified using simple random sampling. Data was collected using structured questionnaires and interview guides. Data analysis was performed using simple descriptive statistics.

Findings - The findings revealed that there was limited application of ICTs in the dissemination of agricultural extension information in Tana River County, Kenya. However, where application was prominent, an increase in productivity was noted.

Implications – The findings of this study may be used by the County Government of Tana River and the national Government of Kenya to improve agricultural productivity in the country through improved extension services.

Originality – The study was an original research conducted in a remote food-insecure county in Kenya. It links agricultural productivity to effective access to extension information services supported by ICTs.

Keywords

Information and communication technology, agricultural extension services, agricultural productivity, extension systems, Tana River County, Kenya

Collection Development Models in Academic Libraries in South-South, Nigeria

Joseph Chukwusa, PhD
Delta State University Library
Abraka, Nigeria
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – The study investigated collection development models in academic libraries in South-South, Nigeria.

Methodology – This study was designed as a descriptive survey. The population consisted of 30 academic collection development librarians purposively sampled from academic libraries in SouthSouth, Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was a 3-point scale (Agreed- 3, Undecided- 2 and Disagree- 1) questionnaire. Out of the 30 questionnaires administered to respondents, 27 were retrieved and used for the study. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Findings – The study revealed that the main method for developing academic library collections was through purchase; respondents have adequate knowledge of “just-in-case” and “just-in-time” models of collection development; and that a majority of the respondents use the “just-in-time” model in building their library collections.

Implications – As a result of insufficient funds to address purchase of library resources and embark on just-in-case model, chief librarians must advance and put forward fund raising strategies to circumvent government inability to provide funds adequately.

Originality – To best knowledge of the author, this study is the first of its kind in investigating the application of “just-in-case” and “just-in-time” collection development methods in academic libraries in South-South Nigeria.

Keywords

Collection development, “just-in-case”, “just-in-time”, academic library, South-South, Nigeria

Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020)

Entrepreneurship Development in University Libraries in the South-South Zone of Nigeria

Ogochukwu T. Emiri, PhD, CLN
University Library
Delta State University
Abraka, Nigeria
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Daniel Emojorho, Ph.D, CLN
University Library
Delta State University
Abraka, Nigeria
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – This study examined entrepreneurship development in university libraries with a focus on reskilling, opportunities and challenges for library and information science practitioners in the South-South Zone of Nigeria.

Methodology – The study adopted the survey research design. Five research questions were postulated and one hypothesis formulated to find out the relationship between the professional characteristics of library and information science (LIS) practitioners and their perception towards entrepreneurship development. The population of the study was 150 LIS professionals drawn from all the government owned universities in the South-South Zone of Nigeria. Data was collected using a questionnaire and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Findings – The findings show that LIS practitioners in the South-South Zone of Nigeria have a low perception towards entrepreneurship development even though they have the right skills needed for entrepreneurship. The benefits derived from entrepreneurship include control and flexibility of own time, among others. The study therefore concluded that no significant relationship exists between LIS practitioners’ professional characteristics and their perception towards entrepreneurship development.

Practical Implications – Based on the findings, the researchers recommend that LIS schools and professional associations should organise sensitisation or orientation programmes on entrepreneurship development in order to re-write the perception of library staff towards entrepreneurship.

Originality – This is an original research; it does not have any material previously published or written by another researcher without due acknowledgements.

Keywords

Entrepreneurship development, LIS practitioners, government university libraries, South-South Zone, Nigeria

Provision of Digital Reference Services in Selected Nigerian State University Libraries

Janet Onomeh Ubogu, PhD
Delta State University Library
Abraka, Nigeria
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – This paper investigated provision of digital reference services in selected Nigerian state university libraries. The study examined how digital reference service can improve information service delivery to library users in Nigerian university libraries.

Methodology – A survey research method was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised of 45 professional librarians from three university libraries. These are Delta State University Library, Abraka; Niger Delta University Library, Amasoma; and River State University of Technology library, Port Harcourt. The population of librarians in the three institutions was small. So, the whole population formed the sample size and was used for the study. A questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. 

Findings – The study revealed that digital reference services offered in the university libraries include instructions, guidance, information and research assistance and consultation to library users. Social media like Facebook and Twitter, text-based chats, email correspondences, live chat and telephone communication are all channels through which digital reference services are delivered in the state university libraries studied. Effects of digital reference services on university libraries include increased patrons’ interactions, speed of service delivery to users and accessibility of information services. Challenges faced in the provision of digital reference services were low bandwidth in remote areas, hitches in downloading articles, slow Internet connection and insufficient support for reference librarians.

Practical Implications – The findings will serve as a reference point for other university libraries considering offering digital reference service. 

Originality – This is an original research study. This study is the first of its kind in the study area.

Keywords

Digital reference services, reference services, university library services, library patrons, information access

Use of ICTs in Knowledge Management for Enhanced Institutional Sustainability

Hillary Jumba
Kenya Methodist University
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Dorothy Bundi
Meru University of Science and Technology
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Jenu John
Kenya Methodist University
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – The purpose of this paper is to identify and empirically assess the role of ICTs in enhancing knowledge management initiatives in Kenyan universities as a means to achieve institutional sustainability. The study assesses the knowledge management processes, identifies the ICT tools and technologies in use to enhance knowledge management of students’ information; and proposes a framework for the integration of ICTs in knowledge management.

Methodology – This paper employed a quantitative research method using a descriptive approach, where one public and one private Kenyan university in Meru County were sampled. Using purposive sampling, an online questionnaire was used for data collection from staff within faculty, academic registrar, ICT, students’ finance, and library departments. The response rate was 75%. Descriptive statistics techniques were used to analyse the data.

Findings – The study revealed that universities have invested in ICT tools and technologies to support knowledge management processes. However, they have not reaped full benefits due to their underutilisation. The results indicated that the institutions can achieve competitiveness, efficiency and effectiveness and improved decision making through full utilisation of these ICT tools and technologies.

Practical Implications – This research contributes to the need for ICT utilisation in knowledge management processes to enhance institutional sustainability through competitiveness, improved decision making, efficiency and effectiveness within the higher education sector.

Originality – This is an original and empirical study conducted in two universities in Kenya.

Keywords

ICTs, knowledge management, students’ information, Universities, sustainability, Kenya

Selection Criteria and Usage of Automation Software among Librarians in University Libraries in South-South, Nigeria

Esoswo Francisca Ogbomo
Department of Library and Information Science
Delta State University, PMB 1, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria
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Emuejevoke Paul Ogo
University Library, Federal University of Petroleum Resources
PMB 1221, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria
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Abstract

Rationale of Study –The study was guided by four research questions which are: what are the automated services rendered in university libraries in South-South Nigeria?  What criteria do librarians use in the selection of automation software in university libraries? What are the automation software packages used by librarians in university libraries? To what extent do librarians in university libraries use automation software?

Methodology – This study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population of the study was 172 librarians from 10 university libraries that use automation software in South-South, Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire. Frequencies and statistical mean (with the criterion mean placed at 2.50) were used to answer the research questions.

Findings – The findings of the study revealed that the automated services rendered in university libraries in South-South, Nigeria are cataloguing, circulation, and reference services. Librarians consider cost, vendor credibility, system management, support and maintenance, software reliability, functionality and user friendliness when selecting automation software for use in university libraries. KOHA, Strategic Library Automation Management, New Generation Library, and Alexandria are the software packages being used in university libraries in South-South, Nigeria, although the extent of usage is low.

Practical Implications – The findings from this study can act as a guide to library management in drawing out the criteria for consideration for selecting automation software.

Originality – The study was an original research conducted on the selection criteria and usage of automation software in university libraries in South-South, Nigeria.

Keywords

Selection criteria, usage, automation software, library software, South-South Nigeria

Provision of Library Services for Quality Information Literacy in Emerging Knowledge Society: The Case of Nigerian Academic Libraries

Hawwau Adedayo Moruf (CLN)
Department of Library and Information Science,
Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
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Abstract

Rationale of Study – The emergence of a knowledge society driven by ubiquitous information and Information Communication Technology (ICT) has made knowledge to become the key resource facilitating the creation of new economic and social configurations. The challenge of managing abundant information available far and wide in a knowledge society finds most people unequipped with appropriate knowledge and skills. This, therefore, requires information literacy skills to cope with the challenge. The paper examines the provision of library services towards the improvement of information literacy in emerging knowledge society.

Methodology – This study conducted a systematic literature review using classical approach. It explores scholarly databases including Google Scholar, ERIC, Science Direct and other institutional databases for literature search. Systematic search was carried out with key-word and title search synthesis in order to select and review the existing literature.

Findings – Findings indicate that information literacy being a strong pillar of a knowledge society is central to educational and national developments. Hence, quality information literacy curricula and improved information literacy service by academic libraries. Also, library well-funded with modern ICT tools and information experts have the potential to foster information literacy in knowledge society through their services.

Practical Implications – The findings of study would enable stakeholders in education sector and other related agencies to support libraries objectives in imparting information literacy education by formulating educational policies that give room for information literacy education, review information literacy curricula for academic libraries, as well as support library at all levels with funds to run information literacy initiatives and programmes.

Originality – This is a conceptual review paper where scholarly literature on provision of library services for quality information literacy in Nigerian academic libraries were systematically analysed and relevant cited headings adopted.

Keywords

Library services, Librarians, ICT, Information Literacy, Knowledge Society, Academic library, Nigeria

 

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